Upper School

In the years that students spend in upper school, VC offers an extensive academic curriculum combined with athletic and arts program to help them develop leadership skills and an innovative classroom experience to develop their interest and cultivate their abilities necessary for future success. Our academic program extends beyond the Ontario provincial program to help students gain a thorough and in depth learning with improved understanding. To view the course requirements and electives by grade, in order to achieve the Ontario Secondary School Diploma, please CLICK BELOW.   Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) Requirements
Subject Academic Enriched Open
ENGLISH ENG1D ENG1DE
MATHEMATICS MPM1D MPM1DE
SCIENCE SNC1D SNC1DE
GEOGRAPHY OF CANADA CGC1D
CORE FRENCH FSF1D*
DRAMATIC ARTS ADA1O
LEARNING STRATEGIES GLS1O*
HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDU. PPL10
MUSIC AMU10
VISUAL ARTS AVI1O
English, Grade 9, Academic – (ENG1DE)
This course emphasizes analytic reading, writing, oral communication, and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programs and their daily lives. Students will study and interpret texts from contemporary and historical periods, including plays, short stories, and short essays, and will investigate and create media works. An important focus will be the correct and effective use of spoken and written language. Prerequisite: None   The enriched curriculum enables learners to read, interpret and evaluate texts through the study of literature in English. Learners develop an understanding of literal meaning, relevant contexts and of the deeper themes or attitudes that may be expressed. Through their studies, they learn to recognise and appreciate the ways in which writers use English to achieve a range of effects, and will be able to present an informed, personal response to the material they have studied.   The syllabus also encourages the exploration of wider and universal issues, promoting learners' better understanding of themselves and of the world around them.  
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (MPM1D)
This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: None  
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, ENRICHED– (MPM1DE)
Our enriched program is the customized to enrich the Ontario curriculum to enhance our students’ skills, knowledge and critical thinking at an advanced level that supports their ongoing success in the field of Mathematics. It is an extension to the academic mathematics to prepare students to appear in AP courses or International Examinations. Through a combination of Ontario an international curriculum, students will be introduced with the basics of approaching year’s concepts. Concepts of grade 9 Ontario Math will be refined with the depth and proofs. Students will be developing their own formulas rather than solely rely on memory.  
Science, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (SNC1D)
This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity. Prerequisite: None  
Science, Grade 9, ENRICHED (SNC1DE)
Our enriched program is the customized to enrich the Ontario curriculum to enhance our students’ skills, knowledge and critical thinking at an advanced level that supports their ongoing success in the Post secondary Science programs. It is an extension to the academic mathematics to prepare students to appear in AP courses or International Examinations. Through a combination of Ontario an international curriculum, students will be introduced with the basics of approaching year’s concepts. Concepts of grade 9 Ontario Science will be refined with the depth.  
French (Core), Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (FSF1D)
This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on and apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of themes, such as relationships, social trends, and careers. Thematic readings, which include a selection of short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones to oral and written activities. Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of French instruction, or equivalent  
Geography of Canada, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (CGC1D)
This course explores Canada’s distinct and changing character and the geographic systems and relationships that shape it. Students will investigate the interactions of natural and human systems within Canada, as well as Canada’s economic, cultural, and environmental connections to other countries. Students will use a variety of geotechnologies and inquiry and communication methods to analyse and evaluate geographic issues and present their findings. Prerequisite: None  
Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 9, Open – Compulsory (PPL1O)
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Students will learn movement skills and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety and injury prevention. They will investigate issues related to healthy sexuality and the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, and will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication, and social skills. Prerequisite: None  
Dramatic Arts, Grade 9, Open – Elective (ADA1O)
This course emphasizes the active exploration of dramatic forms and techniques, using material from a wide range of authors, genres, and cultures. Students will construct, discuss, perform, and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to develop an understanding of themselves, the art form, and the world around them. Prerequisite: None  
Exploring Communications Technology, Grade 9, Open – Elective (TGJ1O)
This exploratory course introduces students to concepts and skills in communications technology, which encompass television/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Students will develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will begin to explore secondary and post-secondary pathways leading to careers in the field. Prerequisite: None  
Learning Strategies 1: Skills for Success in Secondary School, Grade 9, Open – Elective (GLS1O)
This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond. Prerequisite: None  
Visual Arts, Grade 9, Open – Elective (AVI1O)
This course offers an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials through working with a range of materials, processes, techniques, and styles. They will learn and use methods of analysis and criticism and will study the characteristics of particular historical art periods and a selection of Canadian art and the art of other cultures. Prerequisite: None
Subject Academic Enriched Open Applied
ENGLISH ENG2D ENG2DE
MATHEMATICS MPM2D MPM2DE MPM2P
SCIENCE SNC2D SNC2DE
CANADIAN HISTORY CHC2D
CORE FRENCH FSF2D
CIVICS (0.5 credit) CHV20
CAREER STUDIES(0.5 credit) GLC2O
INTRO TO BUSINESS BBI20
INTRO TO COMUPTER STUDIES CS2O
DRAMATIC ARTS ADA2O
HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDU. PPL2O
MUSIC AMU2O
VISUAL ARTS AVI2O
Grade 10 students may also choose electives from the Grade 11 or 12 lists if no prerequisites are required.
English, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (ENG2D)
This course extends the range of analytic, reading, writing, oral communication, and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programs. Students will study and interpret challenging texts from contemporary and historical periods, including novels, poems, plays, and opinion pieces, and will analyse and create effective media works. An important focus will be the thoughtful use of spoken and written language. Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied  
English, Grade10, Academic – (ENG2DE)
This course extends the range of analytic, reading, writing, oral communication, and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programs. Students will study and interpret challenging texts from contemporary and historical periods, including novels, poems, plays, and opinion pieces, and will analyse and create effective media works. An important focus will be the thoughtful use of spoken and written language.   The enriched curriculum enables learners to read, interpret and evaluate texts through the study of literature in English. Learners develop an understanding of literal meaning, relevant contexts and of the deeper themes or attitudes that may be expressed. Through their studies, they learn to recognise and appreciate the ways in which writers use English to achieve a range of effects, and will be able to present an informed, personal response to the material they have studied.   The syllabus also encourages the exploration of wider and universal issues, promoting learners' better understanding of themselves and of the world around them. Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic  
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (MPM2D)
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic  
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, ENRICHED– (MPM2DE)
Our enriched program is the customized to enrich the Ontario curriculum to enhance our students’ skills, knowledge and critical thinking at an advanced level that supports their ongoing success in the field of Mathematics. It is an extension to the academic mathematics to prepare students to appear in AP courses or International Examinations. Through a combination of Ontario an international curriculum, students will be introduced with the basics of approaching year’s concepts. Concepts of grade 10 Ontario Math will be refined with the depth and proofs. Students will be developing their own formulas rather than solely rely on memory. Students will be introduced with domain and range, exponential laws, simplifying four operations involving quadratic expressions using factoring, etc. Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic  
Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied – Elected Compulsory (MFM2P)
This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied  
Science, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (SNC2D)
This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied  
Science, Grade 10, ENRICHED (SNC2DE)
Our enriched program is the customized to enrich the Ontario curriculum to enhance our students’ skills, knowledge and critical thinking at an advanced level that supports their ongoing success in the Post secondary Science programs. It is an extension to the academic mathematics to prepare students to appear in AP courses or International Examinations. Through a combination of Ontario an international curriculum, students will be introduced with the basics of approaching year’s concepts. Concepts of grade 10 Ontario Science will be refined with the depth. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic  
Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (CHC2D)
This course explores the local, national, and global forces that have shaped Canada’s national identity from World War I to the present. Students will investigate the challenges presented by economic, social, and technological changes and explore the contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian culture and society during this period. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to evaluate various interpretations of the issues and events of the period and to present their own points of view. Prerequisite: None  
French (Core), Grade 10, Academic – Elective (FSF2D)
This course enables students to increase their knowledge of the French language, further develop their language skills, and deepen their understanding and appreciation of francophone culture around the world. Exploring a variety of themes, students will develop and apply critical thinking skills in discussion, in their analysis and interpretation of texts, and in their own writing. Prerequisite: Core French 9, Academic  
Civics, Grade 10, Open – Compulsory (Half Course) (CHV2O)
This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore their own and others’ ideas about civics questions and learn how to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to them. Prerequisite: None  
Career Studies, Grade 10, Open – Compulsory (Half Course) (GLC2O)
This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores post-secondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan. Prerequisite: None  
Introduction to Business, Grade 10, Open – Elective (BBI2O)
This course introduces students to the world of business, including the concepts, functions, and skills required for meeting the challenges of operating a business in the twenty-first century on a local, national, and/or international scale. Students will also learn concepts and skills related to personal finance, entrepreneurship, and international business. Prerequisite: None  
Dramatic Arts, Grade 10, Open – Elective (ADA2O)
This course requires students to actively explore dramatic forms and techniques, using their own ideas and concerns as well as sources selected from a wide range of authors, genres, and cultures. Student learning will include identifying and using the principles of space, time, voice, and movement in creating, sustaining, and communicating authentic roles within a drama. Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the creation and presentation of the drama, and will analyse and reflect on the experience. Prerequisite: None  
Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 10, Open – Elective (PPL2O)
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to healthy sexuality, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices. Prerequisite: None  
Introduction to Computer Studies, Grade 10 Open – Elective (ICS2O)
This course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers. Prerequisite: None  
Music, Grade 10, Open (AMU2O)
This course emphasizes the creation and performance of music at a level consistent with previous experience. Students will develop musical literacy skills by using the creative and critical analysis processes in composition, performance, and a range of reflective and analytical activities. Students will develop their understanding of musical conventions, practices, and terminology and apply the elements of music in a range of activities. They will also explore the function of music in society with reference to the self, communities, and cultures. Prerequisite: None  
Visual Arts, Grade 10, Open- Elective (AVI2O)
This course emphasizes learning through practice; building on what students know; and introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic thinking and experimentation. Student learning will include the refined application of the elements and principles of design, incorporating the creative and design processes, and the relationship between form and content. Students will also learn about the connections between works of art and their historical contexts. Course objectives may be achieved either through a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., drawing, painting). Prerequisite: None
Subject University Prep Univ/College Prep College Prep Open PRE AP or International Examinations
ENGLISH ENG3U ENG3C tick
*MATHEMATICS-(FUNCTIONS) MCR3U MCF3M MBF3C tick
**BIOLOGY SBI3U SBI3C tick
**CHEMISTRY SCH3U
**ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SNC3M tick
**PHYSICS SPH3U tick
COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE ICS3M
DRAMATIC ARTS
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING FUNDEMENTALS BAF3M
HEALTH FOR LIFE PPZ30
PERSONAL AND FITNESS ACTIVITIES, HEALTH FOR LIFE PAF30
INTRO TO ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCH AND SOCIOLOGY HSP3M
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE ICS3U
MARKETING: GOODS, SERVICES, EVENTS BMI3C
MEDIA STUDIES EMS30
MUSIC AMU3M tick
WORLD HISTORY TO THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY CHW3M tick
WORLD RELIGIONS: BELIEFS & DAILY LIFE HRT3M HRF30
  Grade 11 students may also choose electives from the Grade 12 lists if no prerequisites are required or if they have fulfilled the prerequisites.
English, Grade 11, University Preparation- Compulsory (ENG3U)
This course emphasizes the development of literacy, critical thinking, and communication skills. Students will analyse challenging texts from various periods; conduct research and analyse the information gathered; write persuasive and literary essays; and analyse the relationship among media forms, audiences, and media industry practices. An important focus will be on understanding the development of the English language. Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic  
English, Grade 11, College (ENG3C)
This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will study the content, form, and style of a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from Canada and other countries, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 college preparation course. Prerequisite: Grade 10 English, Applied  
English, Grade 11, PRE –AP University Preparation (ENG3UI)
This Pre-AP English course is designed to prepare students to take AP English in Grade 12. Course content and delivery will be enriched and challenging for academically strong and motivated English students. Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Enriched   COURSE NOTE: This is a competitive entry course. Students must complete a Pre-AP Course Application to be considered. Students not successful for admission to this course will be enrolled in ENG3U1.  
Mathematics - Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation – Compulsory (MCR3U)
This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic  
Mathematics - PRE –AP Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation – Compulsory (MCR3UI)
This Pre-AP Mathematics course is designed to prepare students to take AP Calculus and Vectors in Grade 12. Course content and delivery will be enriched and challenging for academically strong and motivated Mathematics students. Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic or Enriched  
Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (MCF3M) – Elected Compulsory
This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite  

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

 
Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College Preparation (MBF3C) – Elected Compulsory
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied  
Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SBI3U)
This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes involved in biological systems. Students will study cellular functions, genetic continuity, internal systems and regulation, the diversity of living things, and the anatomy, growth, and functions of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic  
Pre AP Biology (taken with AP Biology) SBI3UI
This Pre-AP Biology course is designed to prepare students to take AP Biology. Course content and delivery will be enriched and challenging for academically strong and motivated Biology students. This course is to be taken with AP Biology (SBI4UI) as a full year package. An AP application form must be completed to enrol in SBI3UI and SBI4UI. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Enriched  
Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SCH3U)
This course focuses on the concepts and theories that form the basis of modern chemistry. Students will study the behaviours of solids, liquids, gases, and solutions; investigate changes and relationships in chemical systems; and explore how chemistry is used in developing new products and processes that affect our lives and our environment. Emphasis will also be placed on the importance of chemistry in other branches of science. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic  

Environmental Science, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (SVN3M)

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas. Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Applied or Academic  
Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SPH3U)
This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will study the laws of dynamics and explore different kinds of forces, the quantification and forms of energy (mechanical, sound, light, thermal, and electrical), and the way energy is transformed and transmitted. They will develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic  
Pre AP Physics (taken with AP Physics) SCH3UI
TThis Pre-AP Physics course is designed to prepare students to take AP Physics. Course content and delivery will be enriched and challenging for academically strong and motivated Physics students. This course is to be taken with AP Physics (SPH4UI) as a full year package. An AP application form must be completed to enrol in SPH3UI and SPH4UI. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Enriched  
Dramatic Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (ADA3M)
This course requires students to create and to perform dramatic presentations. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform works of drama from various cultures, including Western plays from around 1900. Students will also do research on different acting styles and conventions for their presentations, create original works, and analyse the functions of playwright, director, actor, producer, designer, technician, and audience. Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open  
Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective(BAF3M)
This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and ethics and current issues in accounting. Prerequisite: None  
Health for Life, Grade 11, Open – Elective (PPZ3O)
This course helps students develop a personalized approach to healthy living. Students will examine the factors that affect their own health and the health of individuals as members of the community. They will learn about the components of the Vitality approach to healthy living - an initiative that promotes healthy eating, an active lifestyle, and a positive self-image. Throughout this course, students will develop the skills necessary to take charge of and improve their own health, as well as to encourage others to lead healthy lives.  
Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 11, Open – Elective (PAF3O)
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness focused activities. This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition. Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly. Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping. Health components follow the PPL3O course so therefore, both courses cannot be taken for credit. Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisites: None  
Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (HSP3M)
This course introduces the theories, questions, and issues that are the major concerns of anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the way social scientists approach the topics they study and the research methods they employ. Students will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues that have captured the interest of classical and contemporary social scientists in the three disciplines. Prerequisite: None  
Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (ICS3U)
This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields. Prerequisite: None  
Marketing: Goods, Services, Events, Grade 11, College Preparation – Elective (BMI3C)
This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice. Prerequisite: None  
Media Studies, Grade 11, Open – Elective (EMS3O)
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills that will enable students to understand media communication in the twenty-first century and to use media effectively and responsibly. Through analysing the forms and messages of a variety of media works and audience responses to them, and through creating their own media works, students will develop critical thinking skills, aesthetic and ethical judgement and skills in viewing, representing, listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied  
World History to the Sixteenth Century, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (CHW3M)
This course investigates the history of humanity from earliest times to the sixteenth century. Students will analyse diverse societies from around the world, with particular regard to the political, cultural, and economic structures and historical forces that form the foundation of the modern world. They will examine the influence of selected individuals and groups, as well as of particular innovations, and will develop skills of historical inquiry, organization, analysis, and communication. Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Applied  
Pre AP World History (taken with AP World History) CHW3MI
This Pre-AP World History course is designed to prepare students to take AP Physics. Course content and delivery will be enriched and challenging for academically strong and motivated World History students. This course is to be taken with AP World History (CHY4UI) as a full year package. An AP application form must be completed to enrol in SPH3UI and SPH4UI. Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Enriched  
World Religions: Beliefs, Issues, and Religious Traditions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (HRT3M)
This course enables students to discover what others believe and how they live, and to appreciate their own unique heritage. Students will learn about the teachings and traditions of a variety of religions, the connections between religion and the development of civilizations, the place and function of religion in human experience, and the influence of a broad range of religions on contemporary society. This course also introduces students to skills used in researching and investigating world religions. Prerequisite: None
Subject University Prep UNIV./ COLLEGE PREP OPEN AP COURSES OR INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
ENGLISH ENG4U tick
THE WRITER’S CRAFT EWC4U tick
ADVANCED FUNCTIONS MHF4U
ANALYZING CURRENT ECONOMIC TRENDS CIA4U tick
BIOLOGY SBI4U tick
CALCULUS & VECTORS MCV4U tick
CANADIAN AND INTERNATIONAL LAW CLN4U
CANADIAN AND WORLD ISSUES: A GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS CGW4U
CANADIAN AND WORLD POLITICS CPW4U
CHALLENGE AND CHANGE IN SOCIETY HSB4M
COMPUTER SCIENCE ICS4U
DRAMATIC ARTS ADA4M
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE SES4U
EXERCISE SCIENCE PSE4U
FAMILIES IN CANADA HHS4U
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES BAT4M
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS BBB4M
MATHEMATICS OF DATA MANAGEMENT MDM4U tick
PERSONAL AND FITNESS ACTIVITIES PAF4O tick
PHILOSOPHY: QUESTIONS AND THEORIES HZT4U
PHYSICS SPH4U tick
WORLD GEOGRAPHY: HUMAN PATTERNS AND INTERACTIONS CGU4U tick
WORLD HISTORY: THE WEST AND THE WORLD CHY4U tick
ONTARIO LITERACY COURSE – OLC40
English, Grade 12, University Preparation – Compulsory (ENG4U)
This course emphasizes consolidation of literacy, critical thinking, and communication skills. Students will analyse a range of challenging texts from various time periods, countries, and cultures; write analytical and argumentative essays and a major paper for an independent literary research project; and apply key concepts to analyse media works. An important focus will be on understanding academic language and using it coherently and confidently in discussion and argument. Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation  
AP English Literature and Composition (ETS4U or ENG4U-AP)
This course is designed for students with a keen interest and strong background in English. It both qualifies students for the Ontario English credit for English Studies in Literature (ETS4U) and prepares them for the Advanced Placement exam in Literature and Composition. It is intended to enhance the student’s appreciation of literature through an intensive study of two periods of writing. By looking at some key works from the Victorian and Modernist eras, and their historical context, the student should gain a better understanding of literature’s relationship both to its own time and to our time. The course will foster independent study by requiring students to focus on novelists and poets of their own choice as well as those on the core curriculum. Prerequisite: ENG3U and or permission from the English department  
AP English Language and Composition and the Writer's Craft (EWC4U-AP)
This course is designed for students who are interested in writing as an art and a profession, and who are not only capable of working independently but are also willing to do so. The main focus of the course is on the writing portfolio and independent study. The core of the course work consists of a series of minor projects, such as poems, short stories or descriptive passages. However, students are assigned a major creative piece each term. The first is a one act play that qualifies for the One Act Play Festival in May. The other involves independent research and creative expression in any form the student prefers, such as a novella, poetry anthology or video. Throughout the course students will analyze models of effective writing, use a workshop approach to produce a range of works, identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. Prerequisite: ENG3U and/or permission from the English department  
The Writer’s Craft, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (EWC4U)
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation  

English Literature and Composition and English Language and Composition – EXAMS ONLY

Students enrolled in the compulsory English course (ENG4U) may elect to write either (or both) of the two AP English examinations. However, ENG4U students wanting to write the English Literature and Composition exam should register for the combined class ETS4UAP/ENG4UAP. In this class, they will earn both the ENG4U credit and preparation for the Literature exam.  
Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MHF4U
This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation  
Analysing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CIA4U)
This course explores the choices that individuals and societies make about the use of resources in a competitive global economy. Students will use economic concepts and models, as well as methods of economic inquiry, to analyse current economic issues and make informed economic choices based on their analysis. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SBI4U)
This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation  
AP Biology, Grade 12, (SBI4U-AP)
AP Biology covers all of the material prescribed by the Ontario curriculum, in addition to syllabus required in preparation for the AP exam. Students will learn to think like a scientist, and become an independent investigator through student-directed laboratory investigations. Students will also pose the questions and determine the variables you want to investigate, design their own experiments and procedures and determine how best to present the conclusions. Students will explore about the core scientific principles, theories, and processes governing living organisms, biological systems, and natural phenomena. This course is designed for students to understand key science practices they can use to develop explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, which and will test and refine through laboratory investigations. Students will develop advanced reasoning and inquiry skills as they design experiments, collect and analyze data using mathematics and other methods, and interpret that data to draw conclusions. Prerequisites: (SBI3U- pre-AP Biology) strongly recommended, or SBI3Uwith comprehension entrance assessment by the school teacher, or equivalent course to SBI3U- pre AP Biology) taken over the summer.  
Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MCV4U)
This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. Note: The Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U).  
Advanced Placement Calculus AB , Grade 12 , (MCV4UAP)
This course is designed for students with a intense interest and a solid foundation in mathematics and determined to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics and some areas of business. It covers both the material in the Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors course (MCV4U), as well as the extra topics in the Advanced Placement Calculus AB syllabus. The calculus topics include functions, rates of change, limits, differential and integral calculus, as well as applications and problem solving in which students apply the skills and methods studied in this course. In the vectors strand, students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representation of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space. This component will be studied after the AP exam in May and will qualify students to earn the MCV4U Credit. Prerequisite: Grade 12 Advanced Functions (MHF4U  
Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CLN4U)
This course explores elements of Canadian law and the role of law in social, political, and global contexts. Students will learn about the connections between the historical and philosophical sources of law and issues in contemporary society. They will also learn to analyse legal issues, conduct independent research, and communicate the results of their inquiries in a variety of ways. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
Canadian and World Issues: A Geographic Analysis, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CGW4U)
This course draws on geographic concepts, skills, methods, and technologies to analyse significant issues facing Canadians as citizens of an interdependent world. Students will examine the challenges of creating a sustainable and equitable future through the study of a range of topics, including economic interdependence, geopolitical conflict, and regional disparities in the ability to meet basic human needs, and protection of the planet’s life-support systems. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
Canadian and World Politics, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CPW4U)
This course examines national and international political issues from a variety of perspectives. Students will learn about the rights and responsibilities of individuals, groups, and states within the international community; analyse the different ways in which Canada tries to settle its conflicts with other nations; and evaluate the role of nationalist and internationalist ideologies in shaping relations among states. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
Challenge and Change in Society, Grade 12, University/College Preparation - Elective (HSB4M)
This course examines the theories and methodologies used in anthropology, psychology, and sociology to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will analyse cultural, social, and biological patterns in human societies, looking at the ways in which those patterns change over time. Students will also explore the ideas of classical and contemporary social theorists, and will apply those ideas to the analysis of contemporary trends. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SCH4U)
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation  
Computer Science, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (ICS4U)
This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field. Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation  
Dramatic Arts, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (ADA4M)
This course requires students to experiment with forms and conventions in dramatic literature, and to create/adapt and present dramatic works. Students will do research on dramatic forms, conventions, themes, and theories of acting and directing from different historical periods, and apply their knowledge of these in analysing and interpreting dramatic literature, including Canadian works and works from various cultures in the late twentieth century. Students will also examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures. Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or Open  
Earth and Space Science, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SES4U)
This course focuses on the Earth as a planet, and on the basic concepts and theories of Earth science and their relevance to everyday life. Students will examine the Earth’s place in the solar system and, after a general introduction to Earth science, will explore in more detail the materials of the Earth, its internal and surgical processes, and its history. The course draws on astronomy, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics in its consideration of geological processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic  
Exercise Science, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (PSE4U)
This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports, and the factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and sports administration. Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university/college preparation course in Science, or any Grade 11 or 12 open course in Health and Physical Education  
Financial Accounting Principles, Grade 12, University/College Preparation - Elective (BAT4M)
This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for post-secondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students’ knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduces accounting for partnerships and corporations. Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation  
Families in Canada, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (HHS4U)
This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies  
International Business Fundamentals, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (BBB4M)
This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for post secondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Business Studies or Canadian and World Studies  
Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MDM4U)
This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation  
AP Statistics, Grade12, (MDM4UAP)
The purpose of the AP course in statistics is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. Explore concepts such as methodology and inferences through small group discussion and activities. Students will design surveys and experiments, gather and analyze data numerically and graphically, and apply inferential statistics to draw conclusions for a population Students are exposed to develop analytical and critical thinking skills as they learn to describe data patterns and departures from patterns, plan and conduct studies, use probability and simulation to explore random phenomena, estimate population parameters, test hypotheses, and make statistical inferences. Students who successfully complete the course and examination may receive credit, advanced placement, or both, for a one-semester introductory college statistics course. Students who successfully complete this course will also earn a credit for the Ontario course MDM4U Data Management. An appropriate adjustment to the students’ grades will be made to recognize the increased complexity of the course. Prerequisite:* Permission from the guidance and interest in social sciences. Minimum 80% in MCR3U OR 90% in MCF3M, and 80% in ENG3U  
Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 12, Open – Elective (PAF4O)
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness focused activities. This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition. Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly. Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping. Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisites: None  
Philosophy: Questions and Theories, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (HZT4U)
This course addresses three (or more) of the main areas of philosophy: metaphysics, logic, epistemology, ethics, social and political philosophy, and aesthetics. Students will learn critical thinking skills, the main ideas expressed by philosophers from a variety of the world’s traditions, how to develop and explain their own philosophical ideas, and how to apply those ideas to contemporary social issues and personal experiences. The course will also help students refine skills used in researching and investigating topics in philosophy. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies  
Physics, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SPH4U)
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of the concepts and theories of physics. Students will explore further the laws of dynamics and energy transformations, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields; electromagnetic radiation; and the interface between energy and matter. They will further develop inquiry skills, learning, for example, how the interpretation of experimental data can provide indirect evidence to support the development of a scientific model. Students will also consider the impact on society and the environment of technological applications of physics. Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation  
AP Physics, Grade12, - (SPH4UAP)
AP Physics covers both the material in Grade 12 Physics (SPH4U) and content for Physics-B syllabus. It is a problem solving course, and is a good preparation for the students interested in science and engineering. The course emphasizes on kinematics, vectors, projectile and circular motion, dynamics, gravitation, energy, simple harmonic motion, momentum, fluid mechanics, heat and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, geometric optics, wave nature of light, nuclear physics and quantum theory. There is a considerable laboratory component to the course in order to further develop skills of inquiry and analysis. Prerequisites: (SPH3U- pre-AP Physics) strongly recommended or SPH3U with comprehension entrance assessment by the school teacher, or equivalent course to SPH3U pre AP taken over the summer.  
World Geography: Human Patterns and Interactions, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CGU4U)
This course examines how humans interact with their natural environments and with each other. Students will study the influence of spatial, political, economic, and social factors on settlement patterns, human migration, cultural change, globalization, and environmental trends. Students will use geo-technologies and skills of geographic inquiry and analysis to extend their knowledge of human geography and to identify and explain current trends and patterns, and predict future ones. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities  
World History: The West and the World, Grade 12, University Preparation -Elective (CHY4U)
This course investigates the major trends in Western civilization and world history from the sixteenth century to the present. Students will learn about the interaction between the emerging West and other regions of the world and about the development of modern social, political, and economic systems. The skills and knowledge developed in this course will enable students to understand and appreciate both the character of historical change and the historical roots of contemporary issues. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies  
AP World History, Grade 12, (CHY4U-AP)
AP World History examines the key themes of world history, including interaction with the environment, cultures, state-building, economic systems, and social structures, from approximately 8000 B.C.E. to the present. While this course is taught mainly in chronological order, students learn to apply historical thinking skills including the ability to craft arguments from evidence; describe, analyze and evaluate events from a chronological perspective; compare and contextualize historical developments; and analyze evidence, reasoning and context to construct and understand historical interpretations. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English or social science and humanities and/or permission from the guidance department.